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Entity Validation

Entity.validate() is called during normalization and denormalization. undefined indicates no error, and a string error message if there is an error.

Field check

Validation happens after Entity.process() but before Entity.fromJS(), thus operates on POJOs rather than an instance of the class.

Here we can make sure the title field is included, and of the expected type.

Fixtures
GET /article/1
{"id":"1","title":"first"}
GET /article/2
{"id":"2"}
GET /article/3
{"id":"3","title":{"complex":"second","object":5}}
api/Article.ts
export class Article extends Entity {
readonly id: string = '';
readonly title: string = '';
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static validate(processedEntity) {
if (!Object.hasOwn(processedEntity, 'title')) return 'missing title field';
if (typeof processedEntity.title !== 'string') return 'title is wrong type';
}
}
export const getArticle = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/article/:id',
schema: Article,
});
ArticlePage.tsx
import { getArticle } from './api/Article';
function ArticlePage({ id }: { id: string }) {
const article = useSuspense(getArticle, { id });
return <div>{article.title}</div>;
}
render(<ArticlePage id="2" />);
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All fields check

Here's a recipe for checking that every defined field is present.

Fixtures
GET /article/1
{"id":"1","title":"first"}
GET /article/2
{"id":"2"}
GET /article/3
{"id":"3","title":{"complex":"second","object":5}}
api/Article.ts
export class Article extends Entity {
readonly id: string = '';
readonly title: string = '';
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static validate(processedEntity) {
if (
!Object.keys(this.defaults).every(key =>
Object.hasOwn(processedEntity, key),
)
)
return 'a field is missing';
}
}
export const getArticle = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/article/:id',
schema: Article,
});
ArticlePage.tsx
import { getArticle } from './api/Article';
function ArticlePage({ id }: { id: string }) {
const article = useSuspense(getArticle, { id });
return <div>{article.title}</div>;
}
render(<ArticlePage id="2" />);
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Partial results

Another great use of validation is mixing endpoints that return incomplete objects. This is often useful when some fields consume lots of bandwidth or are computationally expensive for the backend.

Consider using validateRequired to reduce code.

Fixtures
GET /article
[{"id":"1","title":"first"},{"id":"2","title":"second"}]
GET /article/1
{"id":"1","title":"first","content":"long","createdAt":"2011-10-05T14:48:00.000Z"}
GET /article/2
{"id":"2","title":"second","content":"short","createdAt":"2011-10-05T14:48:00.000Z"}
api/Article.ts
export class ArticlePreview extends Entity {
readonly id: string = '';
readonly title: string = '';
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static get key() {
return 'Article';
}
}
export const getArticleList = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/article',
schema: [ArticlePreview],
});
export class ArticleFull extends ArticlePreview {
readonly content: string = '';
readonly createdAt: Date = new Date(0);
static schema = {
createdAt: Date,
};
static validate(processedEntity) {
if (!Object.hasOwn(processedEntity, 'content')) return 'Missing content';
}
}
export const getArticle = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/article/:id',
schema: ArticleFull,
});
ArticleDetail.tsx
import { getArticle, getArticleList } from './api/Article';
function ArticleDetail({ id, onHome }: { id: string; onHome: () => void }) {
const article = useSuspense(getArticle, { id });
return (
<div>
<h4>
<a onClick={onHome} style={{ cursor: 'pointer' }}>
&lt;
</a>{' '}
{article.title}
</h4>
<div>
<p>{article.content}</p>
<div>
Created:{' '}
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { dateStyle: 'medium' }).format(
article.createdAt,
)}
</time>
</div>
</div>
</div>
);
}
function ArticleList() {
const [route, setRoute] = React.useState('');
const articles = useSuspense(getArticleList);
if (!route) {
return (
<div>
{articles.map(article => (
<div
key={article.pk()}
onClick={() => setRoute(article.id)}
style={{ cursor: 'pointer', textDecoration: 'underline' }}
>
Click me: {article.title}
</div>
))}
</div>
);
}
return <ArticleDetail id={route} onHome={() => setRoute('')} />;
}
render(<ArticleList />);
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