Skip to main content

Expiry Policy

By default, Rest Hooks cache policy can be described as stale-while-revalidate. This means that when data is available it can avoid blocking the application by using the stale data. However, in the background it will still refresh the data if old enough.

To explain these concepts we'll be faking an endpoint that gives us the current time so it is easy to tell how stale it is.

lastUpdated.ts
class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);

pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});

Expiry status

Fresh

Data in this state is considered new enough that it doesn't need to fetch.

Stale

Data is still allowed to be shown, however Rest Hooks might attempt to revalidate by fetching again.

useSuspense() considers fetching on mount as well as when its parameters change. In these cases it will fetch if the data is considered stale.

Invalid

Data should not be shown. Any components needing this data will trigger fetch and suspense. If no components care about this data no action will be taken.

Expiry Time

Endpoint.dataExpiryLength

Endpoint.dataExpiryLength sets how long (in miliseconds) it takes for data to transition from 'fresh' to 'stale' status. Try setting it to a very low number like '50' to make it becomes stale almost instantly; or a very large number to stay around for a long time.

Toggling between 'first' and 'second' changes the parameters. If the data is still considered fresh you will continue to see the old time without any refresh.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
TimePage.tsx
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
const getUpdated = lastUpdated.extend({ dataExpiryLength: 10000 });
function TimePage({ id }) {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(getUpdated, { id });
return (
<div>
API Time:{' '}
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>
</div>
);
}
function Navigator() {
const [id, setId] = React.useState('1');
const handleChange = e => setId(e.currentTarget.value);
return (
<div>
<div>
<button value="1" onClick={handleChange}>
First
</button>
<button value="2" onClick={handleChange}>
Second
</button>
</div>
<TimePage id={id} />
<div>
Current Time: <CurrentTime />
</div>
</div>
);
}
render(<Navigator />);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store
@rest-hooks/rest

Examples

To apply to all of a Resource's endpoints, use getEndpointExtra

Long cache lifetime

LongLivingResource.ts
import { RestEndpoint, RestGenerics, createResource } from '@rest-hooks/rest';

// We can now use LongLivingEndpoint to create endpoints that will be cached for one hour
class LongLivingEndpoint<O extends RestGenerics> extends RestEndpoint<O> {
dataExpiryLength = 60 * 60 * 1000; // one hour
}

const LongLivingResource = createResource({
path: '/:id',
Endpoint: LongLivingEndpoint,
});

Never retry on error

NoRetryResource.ts
import { RestEndpoint, RestGenerics, createResource } from '@rest-hooks/rest';

// We can now use NoRetryEndpoint to create endpoints that will be cached for one hour
class NoRetryEndpoint<O extends RestGenerics> extends RestEndpoint<O> {
errorExpiryLength = Infinity;
}

const NoRetryResource = createResource({
path: '/:id',
Endpoint: NoRetryEndpoint,
});

Endpoint.invalidIfStale

Endpoint.invalidIfStale eliminates the stale status, making data that expires immediately be considered 'invalid'.

This is demonstrated by the component suspending once its data goes stale. If the data is still within the expiry time it just continues to display it.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
TimePage.tsx
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
const getUpdated = lastUpdated.extend({
invalidIfStale: true,
dataExpiryLength: 5000,
});
function TimePage({ id }) {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(getUpdated, { id });
return (
<div>
API Time:{' '}
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>
</div>
);
}
function Navigator() {
const [id, setId] = React.useState('1');
const handleChange = e => setId(e.currentTarget.value);
return (
<div>
<div>
<button value="1" onClick={handleChange}>
First
</button>
<button value="2" onClick={handleChange}>
Second
</button>
</div>
<TimePage id={id} />
<div>
Current Time: <CurrentTime />
</div>
</div>
);
}
render(<Navigator />);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store

Force refresh

Controller.fetch can be used to trigger a fetch while still showing the previous data. This can be done even with 'fresh' data.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
ShowTime.tsx
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
function ShowTime() {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(lastUpdated, { id: '1' });
const ctrl = useController();
return (
<div>
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>{' '}
<button onClick={() => ctrl.fetch(lastUpdated, { id: '1' })}>
Refresh
</button>
</div>
);
}
render(<ShowTime />);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store

Invalidate (re-suspend)

Both endpoints and entities can be targetted to be invalidated.

A specific endpoint

In this example we can see invalidating the endpoint shows the loading fallback since the data is not allowed to be displayed.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
ShowTime
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
export default function ShowTime({ id }: { id: string }) {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(lastUpdated, { id });
const ctrl = useController();
return (
<div>
<b>{id}</b>{' '}
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>
</div>
);
}
Loading
export default function Loading({ id }: { id: string }) {
return <div>{id} Loading...</div>;
}
Demo
import { AsyncBoundary } from '@rest-hooks/react';
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
import ShowTime from './ShowTime';
import Loading from './Loading';
function Demo() {
const ctrl = useController();
return (
<div>
<AsyncBoundary fallback={<Loading id="1" />}>
<ShowTime id="1" />
</AsyncBoundary>
<AsyncBoundary fallback={<Loading id="2" />}>
<ShowTime id="2" />
</AsyncBoundary>
<AsyncBoundary fallback={<Loading id="3" />}>
<ShowTime id="3" />
</AsyncBoundary>
<button onClick={() => ctrl.invalidateAll(lastUpdated)}>
Invalidate All
</button>
<button onClick={() => ctrl.invalidate(lastUpdated, { id: '1' })}>
Invalidate First
</button>
</div>
);
}
render(<Demo />);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store

Any endpoint with an entity

Using Delete allows us to invalidate any endpoint that includes that relies on that entity in their response. If the endpoint uses the entity in an Array, it will simply be removed from that Array.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
ShowTime.tsx
import { lastUpdated, TimedEntity } from './api/lastUpdated';
const mockDelete = ({ id }) => Promise.resolve({ id });
const deleteLastUpdated = new Endpoint(mockDelete, {
schema: new schema.Delete(TimedEntity),
});
function ShowTime() {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(lastUpdated, { id: '1' });
const ctrl = useController();
return (
<div>
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>{' '}
<button onClick={() => ctrl.fetch(deleteLastUpdated, { id: '1' })}>
Delete
</button>
</div>
);
}
render(<ShowTime />);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store

Error policy

Endpoint.errorPolicy controls cache behavior upon a fetch rejection. It uses the rejection error to determine whether it should be treated as 'soft' or 'hard' error.

Soft

Soft errors will not invalidate a response if it is already available. However, if there is currently no data available, it will mark that endpoint as rejected, causing useSuspense() to throw an error. This can be caught with NetworkErrorBoundary

Hard

Hard errors always invalidate a response with the rejection - even when data has previously made available.

api/lastUpdated
const mockLastUpdated = ({ id }) => {
return new Promise(resolve => {
setTimeout(
() =>
resolve({
id,
updatedAt: new Date().toISOString(),
}),
150,
);
});
};
export class TimedEntity extends Entity {
id = '';
updatedAt = new Date(0);
pk() {
return this.id;
}
static schema = {
updatedAt: Date,
};
}
export const lastUpdated = new RestEndpoint({
path: '/api/currentTime/:id',
schema: TimedEntity,
fetch: mockLastUpdated,
});
ShowTime.tsx
import { lastUpdated } from './api/lastUpdated';
let FAKE_ERROR: Error | undefined = undefined;
const superFetch = lastUpdated;
const mockErrorFetch = arg =>
FAKE_ERROR !== undefined ? Promise.reject(FAKE_ERROR) : superFetch(arg);
const getUpdated = lastUpdated.extend({
fetch: mockErrorFetch,
errorPolicy: error =>
error.status >= 500 ? ('soft' as const) : ('hard' as const),
});
function createError(status) {
const error: Error & { status: any } = new Error('fake error') as any;
error.status = status;
return error;
}
function ShowTime() {
const { updatedAt } = useSuspense(getUpdated, { id: '1' });
const ctrl = useController();
React.useEffect(
() => () => {
FAKE_ERROR = undefined;
},
[updatedAt],
);
return (
<div>
<time>
{Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { timeStyle: 'long' }).format(updatedAt)}
</time>{' '}
<div>
<button
onClick={() => {
FAKE_ERROR = createError(500);
ctrl.fetch(getUpdated, { id: '1' });
}}
>
Fetch Soft
</button>
<button
onClick={() => {
FAKE_ERROR = createError(400);
ctrl.fetch(getUpdated, { id: '1' });
}}
>
Fetch Hard
</button>
<button
onClick={() => {
FAKE_ERROR = createError(500);
ctrl.invalidate(getUpdated, { id: '1' });
}}
>
Invalidate Soft
</button>
<button
onClick={() => {
FAKE_ERROR = createError(400);
ctrl.invalidate(getUpdated, { id: '1' });
}}
>
Invalidate Hard
</button>
</div>
</div>
);
}
render(
<ResetableErrorBoundary>
<ShowTime />
</ResetableErrorBoundary>,
);
Live Preview
Loading...
Store

Policy for RestEndpoint

Since 500s indicate a failure of the server, we want to use stale data if it exists. On the other hand, something like a 400 indicates 'user error', which means the error indicates something about application flow - like if a record is deleted, resulting in 400. Keeping the record around would be inaccurate.

Since this is the typical behavior for REST APIs, this is the default policy in @rest-hooks/rest

errorPolicy(error) {
return error.status >= 500 ? 'soft' : undefined;
}