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Version: 4.5

Transforming data on fetch

All network requests flow through the fetch() method, so any transforms needed can simply be done by overriding it with a call to super.

Snakes to camels#

Commonly APIs are designed with keys using snake_case, but many in typescript/javascript prefer camelCase. This snippet lets us make the transform needed.

CamelResource.ts

import { camelCase, snakeCase } from 'lodash';import { Method, Resource } from 'rest-hooks';
function deeplyApplyKeyTransform(obj: any, transform: (key: string) => string) {  const ret: Record<string, any> = Array.isArray(obj) ? [] : {};  Object.keys(obj).forEach(key => {    if (obj[key] != null && typeof obj[key] === 'object') {      ret[transform(key)] = deeplyApplyKeyTransform(obj[key], transform);    } else {      ret[transform(key)] = obj[key];    }  });  return ret;}
// We can now extend CamelResource instead of Resource to build// all of our classes.abstract class CamelResource extends Resource {  static async fetch(    method: Method = 'get',    url: string,    body?: Readonly<object | string>,  ) {    // we'll need to do the inverse operation when sending data back to the server    if (body) {      body = deeplyApplyKeyTransform(body, snakeCase);    }    // perform actual network request getting back json    const jsonResponse = await super.fetch(method, url, body);    // do the conversion!    return deeplyApplyKeyTransform(jsonResponse, camelCase);  }}

Deserializing fields#

In many cases, data sent through JSON is serialized into strings since JSON only has a few primitive types. Common examples include ISO 8601 for dates or even strings for decimals that require high precision (floats can be lossy). Keeping data in the serialized form is often fine, especially if it is only being used to be displayed. However, this can be problematic when derived data is computed like adding time to a date or multiplying two numbers.

In this case override the fromJS() factory method, transforming the fields you wish to change.

class MyResource extends Resource {  readonly createdAt: Date | null = new Date(0);  readonly largeNumber = BigInt(0);  // other fields here
  /** MyResource factory. Takes an object of properties to assign to MyResource. */  static fromJS<T extends typeof Resource>(    this: T,    props: Partial<AbstractInstanceType<T>>,  ) {    return super.fromJS({      ...props,      createdAt: props.createdAt ? new Date(props.createdAt) : null,      largeNumber: BigInt(props.largeNumber):    });  }}

Case of the missing Id#

You now want to interface with a great new streaming site called mystreamsite.tv. It has a simple API to retireve information about current streams. You can get a stream with the url pattern https://mystreamsite.tv/[username]/. However, for some reason they don't return the username in the response body! You want to be able to refer to it and it's the only uniquely defining identifier for the class.

We can simply parse the username from the request url itself and add that to the response.

GET https://mystreamsite.tv/ntucker/

{  "title": "When I'm Grandmaster, I will play faster.",  "game": "Starcraft II",  "current_viewers": 1337,  "live": true}

StreamResource.ts

const USERNAME_MATCHER = /.*\/([^\/]+)\/?/;
abstract class StreamResource extends CamelResource {  readonly username: string = '';  readonly title: string = '';  readonly game: string = '';  readonly currentViewers: number = 0;  readonly live: boolean = false;
  pk() {    return this.username;  }
  static detailShape<T extends typeof Resource>(    this: T,  ): ReadShape<SchemaDetail<AbstractInstanceType<T>>, { username: string }> {    const superShape = super.detailShape();    return {      ...superShape,      fetch: async (params: { username: string }, body?: Readonly<object | string>) => {        const response = await superShape.fetch(params, body);        response.username = params.username;        return response;      },    };  }}

Using HTTP Headers#

HTTP Headers are accessible in the fetch Response. Resource.fetchResponse() can be used to construct FetchShape.fetch().

Sometimes this is used for cursor based pagination.

import { Resource } from 'rest-hooks';
export default class ArticleResource extends Resource {  // same as above....
  /** Shape to get a list of entities */  static listShape<T extends typeof Resource>(this: T) {    const fetch = async (params: Readonly<Record<string, string | number>>) => {      const response = await this.fetchResponse('get', this.listUrl(params));      return {        link: response.headers.get('link'),        results: await response.json().catch((error: any) => {          error.status = 400;          throw error;        }),      };    };    return {      ...super.listShape(),      fetch,      schema: { results: [this.asSchema()], link: '' },    };  }}

Name calling#

Sometimes an API might change a key name, or choose one you don't like. Of course you have much better naming standards, so instead of your Resource class definition and all your code, you just want to remap that key.

ArticleResource.ts

// We're using camelCase now as well ;)class ArticleResource extends CamelResource {  readonly id: string = '';  readonly title: string = '';  readonly carrotsUsed: number = 0;
  static async fetch(    method: Method = 'get',    url: string,    body?: Readonly<object | string>,  ) {    // we'll need to do the inverse operation when sending data back to the server    if (body && 'carrotsUsed' in body) {      // caller should manage body, so we don't want to modify it      body = { ...body };      body.carrotsUsedIsThisNameTooLong = body.carrotsUsed;      delete body.carrotsUsed;    }    // perform actual network request getting back json    const jsonResponse = await super.fetch(method, url, body);    // only replace the name if it exists. This also helps us ignore list responses.    if ('carrotsUsedIsThisNameTooLong' in jsonResponse) {      // ok to mutate jsonResponse since we control it      jsonResponse.carrotsUsed = jsonResponse.carrotsUsedIsThisNameTooLong;      delete jsonResponse.carrotsUsedIsThisNameTooLong;    }    return jsonResponse;  }}