Skip to main content
Version: 4.5

Using a custom networking library

Resource.fetch() wraps the standard fetch. One key customization is ensuring every network related error thrown has a status member. This is useful in distinguishing code errors from networking errors, and is used in the NetworkManager.

SimpleResource can be used as an abstract class to implement custom fetch methods without including the default.

Fetch (default)#

Fetch

The whatwg-fetch polyfill will be useful in environments that don't support it, like node and older browsers (Internet Explorer). Be sure to include it in any bundles that need it.

This implementation is provided as a useful reference for building your own. For the most up-to-date implementation, see the source on master

import { Method } from '~/types';
import SimpleResource from './SimpleResource';
class NetworkError extends Error {  declare status: number;  declare response: Response;
  constructor(response: Response) {    super(response.statusText);    this.status = response.status;    this.response = response;  }}
/** * Represents an entity to be retrieved from a server. * Typically 1:1 with a url endpoint. */export default abstract class Resource extends SimpleResource {  /** A function to mutate all request options for fetch */  static fetchOptionsPlugin?: (options: RequestInit) => RequestInit;
  /** Perform network request and resolve with HTTP Response */  static fetchResponse(    method: Method,    url: string,    body?: Readonly<object | string>,  ) {    let options: RequestInit = {      method: method.toUpperCase(),      headers: {        'Content-Type': 'application/json',        // "Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",  -- maybe use this if typeof body is FormData ?      },    };    if (this.fetchOptionsPlugin) options = this.fetchOptionsPlugin(options);    if (body) options.body = JSON.stringify(body);    return fetch(url, options)      .then(response => {        if (!response.ok) {          throw new NetworkError(response);        }        return response;      })      .catch(error => {        // ensure CORS, network down, and parse errors are still caught by NetworkErrorBoundary        if (error instanceof TypeError) {          (error as any).status = 400;        }        throw error;      });  }
  /** Perform network request and resolve with json body */  static fetch(method: Method, url: string, body?: Readonly<object | string>) {    return this.fetchResponse(method, url, body).then((response: Response) => {      if (        !response.headers.get('content-type')?.includes('json') ||        response.status === 204      )        return response.text();      return response.json().catch(error => {        error.status = 400;        throw error;      });    });  }}

Superagent#

Superagent

import request from 'superagent';import { Method } from '~/types';
import SimpleResource from './SimpleResource';
const ResourceError = `JSON expected but not returned from API`;
/** * Represents an entity to be retrieved from a server. * Typically 1:1 with a url endpoint. */export default abstract class Resource extends SimpleResource {  /** A function to mutate all requests for fetch */  static fetchPlugin?: request.Plugin;
  /** Perform network request and resolve with json body */  static fetch(    method: Method,    url: string,    body?: Readonly<object | string>,  ) {    let req = request[method](url).on('error', () => {});    if (this.fetchPlugin) req = req.use(this.fetchPlugin);    if (body) req = req.send(body);    return req.then(res => {      if (isInvalidResponse(res)) {        throw new Error(ResourceError);      }      return res.body;    });  }}
export const isInvalidResponse = (res: request.Response): boolean => {  // Empty is only valid when no response is expect (204)  const resEmptyIsExpected = res.text === '' && res.status === 204;  const resBodyEmpty = Object.keys(res.body).length === 0;  return !(res.type.includes('json') || resEmptyIsExpected) && resBodyEmpty;};

Axios#

Axios

import { SimpleResource, Method } from 'rest-hooks';import axios from 'axios';
export default abstract class AxiosResource extends SimpleResource {  /** Perform network request and resolve with json body */  static async fetch(    method: Method,    url: string,    body?: Readonly<object | string>  ) {    return await axios[method](url, body);  }}