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Version: 6.5

Immediate Mutation Updates

When a user causes mutations like creating, updating, or deleting resources, it's important to have those changed be reflected in the application. A simple publish cache that has no underlying knowledge of the data structures would require a refetch of any endpoints that are changed. This would reduce performance and put extra burden on the backend.

However, like many other cases, a normalized cache - one with underlying knowledge of the relationships between resources - is capable of keeping all data consistent and fresh without any refetches.


Rest Hooks uses your schema definitions to understand how to normalize response data into an entity table and result table. Of course, this means that there is only ever one copy of a given entity. Aside from providing consistency when using different response endpoints, this means that by providing an accurate schema definition, Rest Hooks can automatically keep all data uses consistent and fresh. The default update endpoints Resource.update and Resource.partialUpdate both do this automatically. Read more about defining other update endpoints


Rest Hooks automatically deletes entity entries schema.Delete is used. Resource.delete provides such an endpoint.


Like updates, created entities are automatically added to the entities table. This means any components useSuspense() for just that item will be able to access it immediately and not have to wait for an additional retrieval request. However, often new items are created when viewing an entire list of items, and the create should result in that list - any maybe others - displaying the newly created entry.

Endpoint.update handles this case

Simplest case:

const createUser = new Endpoint(postToUserFunction, {
schema: User,
update: (newUserId: string) => ({
[userList.key()]: (users = []) => [newUserId, ...users],

More updates:

const allusers = useSuspense(userList);
const adminUsers = useSuspense(userList, { admin: true });

The endpoint below ensures the new user shows up immediately in the usages above.

const createUser = new Endpoint(postToUserFunction, {
schema: User,
update: (newUserId, newUser) => {
const updates = {
[userList.key()]: (users = []) => [newUserId, ...users],
if (newUser.isAdmin) {
updates[userList.key({ admin: true })] = (users = []) => [newUserId, ...users];
return updates;

This is usage with a Resource

import { Entity, createResource } from '@rest-hooks/rest';

export class Todo extends Entity {
readonly id: number = 0;
readonly userId: number = 0;
readonly title: string = '';
readonly completed: boolean = false;

pk() {
return `${}`;

const BaseTodoResource = createResource({
urlPrefix: '',
path: '/todos/:id'
export const TodoResource = {
create: BaseTodoResource.create.extend({
update: (newResourcePk: string) => ({
[todoList.key({})]: (resourcePks: string[] = []) => [