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Version: 5.0

Pagination

Tokens in Body

A common way APIs deal with pagination is the list view will return an object with both pagination information and the Array of results as another member.

GET http://test.com/article/?page=abcd

{
"nextPage": null,
"prevPage": "http://test.com/article/?page=aedcba",
"results": [
{
"id": 5,
"content": "have a merry christmas",
"author": 2,
"contributors": []
},
{
"id": 532,
"content": "never again",
"author": 23,
"contributors": [5]
}
]
}

To deal with our specific endpoint, we'll need to customize the Endpoint of lists to understand how to normalize the results (via schema). Be sure to provide defaults in your schema for any members that aren't entities.

resources/ArticleResource.ts

import { Resource, SchemaList, AbstractInstanceType } from '@rest-hooks/rest';
import { UserResource } from 'resources';

export default class ArticleResource extends Resource {
readonly id: number | undefined = undefined;
readonly content: string = '';
readonly author: number | null = null;
readonly contributors: number[] = [];

pk() {
return this.id?.toString();
}
static urlRoot = 'http://test.com/article/';

static list<T extends typeof Resource>(this: T) {
return super.list().extend({
schema: { results: [this], nextPage: '', prevPage: '' },
});
}
}

Now we can use list() to get not only the articles, but also our nextPage and prevPage values. We can use those tokens to define our pagination buttons.

ArticleList.tsx

import { useResource } from 'rest-hooks';
import ArticleResource from 'resources/ArticleResource';

export default function ArticleList() {
const { results: articles, nextPage, prevPage } = useResource(
ArticleResource.list(),
{},
);
return (
<>
<div>
{articles.map(article => (
<Article key={article.pk()} article={article} />
))}
</div>
{prevPage && <Link to={prevPage}>โ€น Prev</Link>}
{nextPage && <Link to={nextPage}>Next โ€บ</Link>}
</>
);
}

Tokens in HTTP Headers

In some cases the pagination tokens will be embeded in HTTP headers, rather than part of the payload. In this case you'll need to customize the fetch() function for list() so the pagination headers are included fetch object.

We show the custom list() below. All other parts of the above example remain the same.

Pagination token is stored in the header link for this example.

import { Resource } from '@rest-hooks/rest';

export default class ArticleResource extends Resource {
// same as above....

/** Endpoint to get a list of entities */
static list<T extends typeof Resource>(this: T) {
const instanceFetchResponse = this.fetchResponse.bind(this);

return super.list().extend({
fetch: async function (params: Readonly<Record<string, string | number>>) {
const response = await instanceFetchResponse(this.url(params), this.init);
return {
link: response.headers.get('link'),
results: await response.json().catch((error: any) => {
error.status = 400;
throw error;
};
},
schema: { results: [this], link: '' },
});
}
}

Code organization

If much of your Resources share a similar pagination, you might try extending from a base class that defines such common customizations.

Infinite Scrolling

Sometimes pagination results are presented as an infinite scrolling list. Infinite scrolling pagination guide explains more about this.